High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Your blood pressure measurement takes into account how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping. Narrow arteries increase resistance. The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure will be.

Hypertension stage 1 is 130-139 or 80-89 mm Hg, and Hypertension stage 2 is 140 or higher, or 90 mm Hg or higher

Usually hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90, and is considered severe if the pressure is above 18

What causes high blood pressure?

The increase in blood pressure depends upon a person’s age, sex, physical and mental activities, family history, and diet.

There are two types of hypertension. Each type has a different cause.

Primary hypertension: Primary hypertension is also called essential hypertension. This kind of hypertension develops over time with no identifiable cause. Most people have this type of high blood pressure.

Researchers are still unclear what mechanisms cause blood pressure to slowly increase. A combination of factors may play a role. These factors include:

  • Genes:
  • Physical changes: For example, it’s thought that changes in your kidney function due to aging may upset the body’s natural balance of salts and fluid. This change may cause your body’s blood pressure to increase.
  • Environment: Over time, unhealthy lifestyle choices like lack of physical activity and poor diet can take their toll on your body. Lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems. Being overweight or obese can increase your risk for hypertension.
  • High salt intake or salt sensitivity: 

Secondary hypertension: Secondary hypertension often occurs quickly and can become more severe than primary hypertension. Several conditions that may cause secondary hypertension include:


High blood pressure often has no symptoms. But even without symptoms, high blood pressure can cause damage to your blood vessels and organs, especially the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.

Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:

  • Headaches
  • shortness of breath
  • nosebleeds
  • flushing
  • dizziness
  • chest pain
  • visual changes
  • blood in the urine

The best way to know if you have hypertension is to get regular blood pressure readings. Regular blood pressure readings can help you and your doctor notice any changes. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may have you check your blood pressure over a few weeks to see if the number stays elevated or falls back to normal levels.


Diagnosing hypertension is as simple as taking a blood pressure reading. Most doctors’ offices check blood pressure as part of a routine visit.

If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor may request you have more readings over the course of a few days or weeks. Your doctor will likely conduct more tests to rule out underlying conditions. These tests can include:


Treatment for hypertension includes both prescription medication and healthy lifestyle changes. If the condition isn’t treated, it could lead to health issues, including heart attack and stroke.

Eating a healthier diet with less salt, exercising regularly and taking medication can help lower blood pressure.

Developing a healthy diet

·         Fruits

·         Vegetables

·         whole grains

·         lean proteins like fish

It is beneficial to add potassium to the diet. Studies show that people who consume more potassium have lower blood pressures. Good sources of potassium include:

·         bananas,

·         melons,

·         oranges,

·         spinach and

·         zucchini.

Increasing physical activity

Reaching a healthy weight should include being more physically active. In addition to helping you shed pounds, exercise can help reduce stress, lower blood pressure naturally, and strengthen your cardiovascular system.

Aim to get 150 minutes of moderate physical activity each week. That’s about 30 minutes five times per week.

Cardiovascular, or aerobic, exercise can help lower your blood pressure and make your heart stronger. Examples include walking, jogging, jumping rope, bicycling (stationary or outdoor), cross-country skiing, skating, rowing, high- or low-impact aerobics, swimming, and water aerobics.

Managing stress

Exercise is a great way to manage stress. Other activities can also be helpful. These include:

  • Meditation
  • deep breathing
  • massage
  • muscle relaxation
  • yoga
  • Get adequate sleep.

Adopting a cleaner lifestyle

If you’re a smoker, try to quit. The chemicals in tobacco smoke damage the body’s tissues and harden blood vessel walls.

If you regularly consume too much alcohol or have an alcohol dependency, seek help to reduce the amount you drink or stop altogether. Alcohol can raise blood pressure.

Eat less meat, more plants: A plant-based diet is an easy way to increase fiber and reduce the amount of sodium

Reduce dietary sodium: People with hypertension and those with an increased risk for heart disease may need to keep their daily sodium intake between 1,500 milligrams and 2,300 milligrams per day.

Cut back on sweets


Damaged arteries: Healthy arteries are flexible and strong. Blood flows freely and unobstructed through healthy arteries and vessels. Hypertension makes arteries tougher, tighter, and less elastic.

Damaged heart: Hypertension makes your heart work too hard. The increased pressure in your blood vessels forces your heart’s muscles to pump more frequently and with more force than a healthy heart should have to. This may cause an enlarged heart. 

Damaged brain: Your brain relies on a healthy supply of oxygen-rich blood to work properly. High blood pressure can reduce your brain’s supply of blood


  • ACE Inhibitor: Angiotensin is a chemical that causes blood vessels and artery walls to tighten and narrow. ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors prevent the body from producing as much of this chemical.
  • Diuretic: Diuretics, also called water pills, help your kidneys remove excess sodium from your body. High sodium levels and excess fluid in your body can increase blood pressure.
  • Beta Blocker:  Beta-blockers make your heart beat slower and with less force.
  • Calcium Channel Blocker: These medications block some of the calcium from entering the cardiac muscles of your heart. This leads to less forceful heartbeats and a lower blood pressure.

Ayurvedic Co-relation

Hypertension cannot be considered as a Vyadhi (disease) as per Ayurveda. In ayurveda high blood pressure is known  as Raktagata Vata. In this condition the vitiated vata gets loged in the circulating rakta dhatu

Home Remedies:

  • Cardamom: A teaspoon coriander and one pinch of cardamom to one cup of freshly squeezed peach juice can help bring down high blood pressure.
  • Cucumber: Consuming some cucumber raita can help too, Cucumber is a good diuretic, which helps reducing hypertension.
  • Honey: Add a teaspoon of honey and 5 to 10 drops of apple cider vinegar to a cup of hot water and consume it early morning. It helps reduce and regulate blood pressure.
  • Garlic: The allicin component of garlic is believed to have properties that allow it to lower lipids and inhibit blood coagulation. Consuming raw garlic (one crushed clove once or twice a week) can benefit Vata hypertension.
  • Try consuming some moong dal soup, and add some cilantro, cumin, and a pinch of turmeric. Moong dal helps bring down the high blood pressure.
  • Eat some watermelon with a pinch of cardamom and a pinch of coriander added. This is said to act as a mild diuretic and will help to regulate blood pressure.


  • Nidana parivarjana (avoidance of aetiological factors) According to Ayurveda, avoidance of the causative factor is the first line of treatment for all diseases.
  • Samshodhana chikikitsa (Bio-cleansing therapies) followed by Samana chikitsa (Palliative therapy) should be advocated.

ii. Virechana karma (Purgation) with CASTOR OIL 15 – 30 ml with half glass of milk at night

iii.Shirodhara with medicated liquids (milk/ water/ oils (Narayana taila) daily 45-90 minutes for 21 days


  • Nagarjunabhra Rasa : 1-2 tab twice in a day
  • Hridyarnav Rasa : 1 tab twice daily
  • Sarpgandha Vati : 1-2 tab twice daily
  • Mukta Vati : 1 tab twice daily
  • Prabhakar Vati : 1-2 tab twice daily
  • Brahami Vati : 1-2 tab twice daily
  • Aswagandha Churna : 3-5 gm twice daily with water
  • Arjun Ksheer Paak : 10-30 ml daily

Asana-  corpse pose.,  Adamantine pose , Cobra Pose, Vakrasana, Gomukhasana, Pavanmuktasana, Katichakrasana, Ardhakati chakrasana, Tadasana.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *